Dermal versus epidermal hyperpigmentation: How deep does the melanin go?

Successful skin lightening will depend on first understanding two things: the cause of the hyperpigmentation the depth of the excess pigmentation (where the excess melanin sits within the skin’ s layers) How deep is the excess melanin? The skin is made up of layers, split by the epidermis and the dermis. The epidermis is the …

List of popular skin lightening / skin whitening creams

This is not an all-inclusive list. For price comparison purposes, most of the sizes are approximately 30ml or 1 fluid oz. Prices will vary depending on the stores and may change over time.   Brand Range/Product Whitening Ingredients Approx Size Price in US$ Clarins White Plus HP Total Whitening Essence Alchemilla, Raspberry, highly stable Vitamin …

List of commercial skin lightening / skin whitening ingredients

  Skin whitening ingredient Description How it works Efficacy Safe to use on darker skin? Arbutin A hydroquinone derivative (glycosylated benzoquinone) extracted from the bearberry shrub. Inhibits tyrosinase to prevent the formation of melanin. Arbutin found to inhibit melanin production in B16 cells induced with alpha-MSH and decreases tyrosinase activity. Less effective than kojic acid. …